|Title||Changes in soil properties and vegetation following disturbance of Alaskan arctic tundra|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1981|
|Authors||F Stuart Chapin III, Shaver, GR|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Ecology|
Soil characteristics and vegetation were studied in vehicle tracks and adjacent undisturbed tundra along local moisture gradients at four tundra sites in northern Alaska. Vehicle tracks generally had 2 degree C higher soil temperatures, deeper thaw, and higher concentrations of available soil phosphate than adjacent undisturbed tundra, but did not differ consistently from controls in soil bulk density, volumetric moisture content, pH, or soil organic content. Vegetation in vehicle tracks had fewer species than controls, reflecting decreased abundance of shrubs, particularly evergreens, and increased dominance by a few species of graminoids. Wet and mesic tracks exhibited a 2- to 15-fold increase in above-ground standing crop of nitrogen and phosphorus as a result of increased leaf nutrient concentrations and increased leaf biomass of graminoids, a consequence of increases in both shoot density and shoot weight.
|Short Title||Changes in soil properties and vegetation following disturbance of Alaskan arctic tundra|