A cross-seasonal comparison of active and total bacterial community composition in Arctic tundra soil using bromodeoxyuridine labeling

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TitleA cross-seasonal comparison of active and total bacterial community composition in Arctic tundra soil using bromodeoxyuridine labeling
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMcMahon, SK, Wallenstein, MD, Schimel, JP
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume43
Issue2
Pagination287-295
Date Published2//
ISBN Number0038-0717
Accession NumberARC682
KeywordsTotal
Abstract

Arctic soil microorganisms remain active at ecologically relevant rates in frozen soils. We used bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis of 16S rRNA gene amplicons to examine active bacterial communities in two Alaskan tundra soils collected in summer and winter of 2005. Active community T-RFLP profiles were compared to total community profiles to determine if active bacteria were a subset of the total community. In shrub soils, active bacteria communities differed in composition between summer and winter, and winter-active bacterial taxa were not detected in the total community, suggesting that they are likely rare within the overall community. In contrast, tussock tundra soil contained more bacterial taxa that were active in both summer and winter and also represented a large portion of the total community. Using in silico digest of a sequence library from this site, we attempted to identify the dominant organisms in our samples. Our previous research suggested that the total microbial community was stable throughout the year, but this new study suggests that the active community is more dynamic seasonally. In general, only a subset of the total community was growing at a given time. This temporal niche partitioning may contribute to the high diversity of microbial communities in soils. Understanding which taxa contribute to microbial function under different conditions is the next frontier in microbial ecology and linking composition to biogeochemical cycling.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071710003962
DOI10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.10.013
Short TitleA cross-seasonal comparison of active and total bacterial community composition in Arctic tundra soil using bromodeoxyuridine labeling