|Maximum summer temperatures predict the temperature adaptation of Arctic soil bacterial communities
|Year of Publication
|Rijkers, R, Dekker, M, Aerts, R, Weedon, JT
Abstract. Rapid warming of the arctic terrestrial region has the potential to increase soil decomposition rates and form a carbon-driven feedback to future climate change. For accurate prediction of the role of soil microbes in these processes it will be important to understand the temperature responses of soil bacterial communities and implement them into biogeochemical models. The temperature adaptation of soil bacterial communities for a large part of the Arctic region is unknown. We evaluated the current temperature adaption of soil bacterial communities from 12 sampling sites in the sub- to High Arctic. Temperature adaptation differed substantially between the soil bacterial communities of these sites, with estimates of optimal growth temperature (Topt) ranging between 23.4 ± 0.5 and 34.1 ± 3.7 C. We evaluated possible statistical models for the prediction of the temperature adaption of soil bacterial communities based on different climate indices derived from soil temperature records, or on bacterial community composition data. We found that highest daily average soil temperature was the best predictor for the Topt of the soil bacterial communities, increasing 0.63 °C per °C. We found no support for the prediction of temperature adaptation by regression tree analysis based on relative abundance data of most common bacterial species. Increasing summer temperatures will likely increase Topt of soil bacterial communities in the Arctic. Incorporating this mechanism into soil biogeochemical models and combining it with projections of soil temperature will help to reduce uncertainty in assessments of the vulnerability of soil carbon stocks in the Arctic.