phosphorus

Stream networks are intimately connected to the landscapes through which they flow and significantly transform nutrients and organic matter that are in transport from landscapes to oceans. This work will quantify the relative influences of throughflow, lateral inputs, and hyporheic (a layer of surface sediments that contains water which exchanges continuously with water in the open channel) regeneration on the seasonal fluxes of C, N, and P in an arctic river network, and determine how these influences will shift under seasonal conditions that are likely to be substantially different in the future. This objective is a logical extension of earlier. This work will focus on seasonal dynamics at different river reach scales (1st to 4th order streams) and will lay the groundwork for a whole river network model to integrate the influences of throughflow, lateral inputs, hyporheic regeneration, and in-stream metabolism on C, N, and P fluxes through an entire river network.
For more information see project's web site:  Changing Seasonality and Arctic Stream Networks

Changing Seasonality and Arctic Stream Networks
Title Abstract
CSASN Channel Nutrients from 2010 to 2012 in I8 Inlet, I8 Outlet, Peat Inlet and Kuparuk Rivers
The Changing Seasonality of Arctic Stream Systems (CSASN) was active from 2010 to 2012. The CSASN goal was to quantify the relative influences of through flow, lateral inputs, and hyporheic regeneration on the seasonal fluxes C, N, and P in an arctic river network, and to determine how these influences might shift under seasonal conditions that are likely to be substantially different in the future. During the project, background samples were collected from four stream channels and analyzed... more
CSASN Nutients: Tracer addition for spiraling curve characterization from 2010 to 2012
The Changing Seasonality of Arctic Stream Systems (CSASN) was active from 2010 to 2012. The CSASN goal was to quantify the relative influences of through flow, lateral inputs, and hyporheic regeneration on the seasonal fluxes C, N, and P in an arctic river network, and to determine how these influences might shift under seasonal conditions that are likely to be substantially different in the future. There were a number of TASCC and Plateau nutrient additions at each sampling location. The... more
Nutrient and tracer amounts for Tracer Additions for Spiraling Curve Characterization studies on arctic streams near Toolik Field Station, Alaska 2010 -2012.
The Changing Seasonality of Arctic Stream Systems (CSASN) was active from 2010 to 2012. The CSASN goal was to quantify the relative influences of through flow, lateral inputs, and hyporheic regeneration on the seasonal fluxes C, N, and P in an arctic river network, and to determine how these influences might shift under seasonal conditions that are likely to be substantially different in the future. There were a number of tracer addition for spiraling curve characterization (TASCC) and... more
CSASN Benthic Nutrients from 2010 to 2012 at I8 Inlet, I8 Outlet, Peat Inlet and Kuparuk Rivers
The Changing Seasonality of Arctic Stream Systems (CSASN) did extensive arctic stream research from 2010 to 2012. Specifically, the CSASN goal was to quantify the relative influences of through flow, lateral inputs, and hyporheic regeneration on the seasonal fluxes C, N, and P in an arctic river network, and determine how these influences will shift under seasonal conditions that are likely to be substantially different in the future. Throughout the project, samples were collected from... more
Three synoptic surveys of streams throughout a 48km2 watershed near Toolik Lake, AK in spring (early-June), summer (mid-July), and fall (mid-September) 2011.
To determine temporal and spatial patterns in arctic stream biogeochemistry we conducted three synoptic surveys of streams throughout a 48km2 watershed near Toolik Lake, AK in spring (early-June), summer (mid-July), and fall (mid-September) 2011. During each synoptic survey, we sampled 52 sites within a period of four days to minimize the effect of temporal hydrologic variability. At each site we measured stream temperature, pH, and conductivity and sampled water for solute analysis.
CSASN Well and Mini-piezomenter Samples
The Changing Seasonality of Arctic Stream Systems (CSASN) was active from 2010 to 2012. The CSASN goal was to quantify the relative influences of through flow, lateral inputs, and hyporheic regeneration on the seasonal fluxes C, N, and P in an arctic river network, and to determine how these influences might shift under seasonal conditions that are likely to be substantially different in the future. During the project, well and mini-piezometer samples were collected from various depths... more
CSASN TASCC Nutrient additions to streams near Toolik Field Sation, Alaska 2010 to 2012
The Changing Seasonality of Artic Stream Systems (CSASN) was active from 2010 to 2012. The CSASN goal was to quantify the relative influences of throughflow, lateral inputs, and hyporheic regeneration on the seasonal fluxes C, N, and P in an arctic river network, and to determine how these influences might shift under seasonal conditions that are likely to be substantially different in the future. There were a number of TASCC and Plateau nutrient additions at each sampling location. The... more
root_dynamics data
Title Abstract
Phosphate and ammonium from experiemental plots near Toolik Lake, AK from 2006
Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) and ammonium in waters from tussock tundra and wet sedge plots near Toolik Lake, AK during the summer of 2006.
Dissolved organic carbon, phosphate, and ammonium from experiemental plots near Toolik Lake, AK from 2005
Dissolved organic carbon, SRP, and ammonium in waters from tussock tundra and wet sedge plots near Toolik Lake, AK during the summer of 2005

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Phosphate and ammonium from experiemental plots near Toolik Lake, AK from 2004
Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) and ammonium in waters from tussock tundra and wet sedge plots near Toolik Lake, AK during the summer of 2004.
Phosphate and ammonium from experiemental plots near Toolik Lake, AK from 2003
Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) and ammonium in waters from tussock tundra and wet sedge plots near Toolik Lake, AK during the summer of 2003.
Terrestrial Biomass
Title Abstract
Above ground plant and below ground stem biomass in the Arctic LTER acidic tussock tundra experimental plots, 2002, Toolik Lake, Alaska.
Above ground plant and below ground stem biomass was measured in the Arctic LTER acidic tussock tundra experimental plots. Treatments included control, nitrogen plus phosphorus amended plots for either 6 or 13 years and vole exclosure plots with or without amends of nitrogen and phosphorus.
Above ground plant and belowground stem biomass in moist acidic and non-acidic tussock tundra experimental sites, 2001, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska.
Above ground plant and belowground stem biomass was measured in moist acidic and non-acidic tussock tundra experimental sites. Treatments sampled were control plots and plots amended with nitrogen and phosphorus.
Biomass, nitrogen and carbon of plants in the Arctic LTER experimental wet sedge tundra experimental sites, 2001, Toolik Lake, Alaska.
Biomass, nitrogen and carbon of plants in the Arctic LTER experimental wet sedge tundra experimental sites, 2001, Toolik Lake, Alaska.. Treatments at each site included factorial NxP, greenhouse and shade house and were begun in 1985 (Sag site) or in 1988 (Toolik sites).
Long-term Carbon and Nitrogen, and Phosphorus Dynamics of Leaf and Fine Root Litter project (LIDET-Long-term Intersite Decomposition Experiment Team) data for the ARC, Arctic LTER. 1990 to 2000.
This file is from the Long-term Carbon and Nitrogen, and Phosphorus Dynamics of Leaf and Fine Root Litter project (LIDET-Long-term Intersite Decomposition Experiment Team). This file contains only the Arctic LTER data. In particular the mass looses over the ten year study. Three types of fine roots (graminoid, hardwood, and conifer), six types of leaf litter (which ranged in lignin/nitrogen ratio from 5 to 75), and wooden dowels were used for litter incubations over a ten year period.
Aboveground plant and belowground stem biomass were measured in moist acidic and moist non-acidic tussock tundra experimental plots, Toolik Field Station, Alaska, Arctic LTER 2000.
Aboveground plant and belowground stem biomass were measured in moist acidic and moist non-acidic tussock tundra experimental plots. Treatments at the acidic site include control and nitrogen (N) plus phosphorus (P) amendments; treatments at the non-acidic site include N, P, N+P, greenhouse warming, and greenhouse+N+P.
Note:  Version 8 corrected an error where Carex vaginata was listed twice under treatment of "Nitrogen Phosphorus".  The tissues with 8 quadrats were "Greenhouse"  treatment.
Percent carbon, percent nitrogen, del13C and del15N of above ground plant and belowground stem biomass samples from experimental plots in moist acidic and moist non-acidic tundra, 2000, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska.
Percent carbon, percent nitrogen, del13C and del15N were measured from above ground plant and belowground stem biomass samples from experimental plots in moist acidic and moist non-acidic tundra. Biomass data are in 2000lgshttbm.dat.
Measurements of Leaf area, foliar C and N for 14 sites along a transect down the Kuparuk River basin, summer 1997, North Slope, Alaska.
1997 measurements of Leaf area, foliar C and N for 14 sites along a transect down the Kuparuk River basin, North Slope, Alaska.
Plant biomass in heath tundra experimental plots, 1996, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska.
Plant biomass in arctic heath experimental plots. Plots set up in 1989 with nitrogen, phosphorus, nitrogen plus phosphorus and a shade treatment were harvested for above ground biomass. Root mass was also measured on a smaller subsample.
Above ground plant biomass and leaf area of moist acidic tussock tundra 1981 experimental site, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska.1995.
Above ground plant biomass and leaf area were measured in a tussock tundra experimental site. The plots were set up in 1981 and have been harvested in previous years (See Shaver and Chapin Ecological Monographs, 61, 1991 pp.1-31).
Plant biomass, leaf area, carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in wet sedge tundra, 1994, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska.
Plant biomass, leaf area, carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus were measured in three wet sedge tundra experimental sites. Treatments at each site included factorial NxP and at the Toolik sites greenhouse and shade house. Treatments started in 1985 (Sag site) and in 1988 (Toolik sites).
Ecosystem-level Carbon dioxide fluxes in two long-term experimental wet sedge tundra sites near Toolik Lake, AK, ARC LTER 1994.
Ecosystem-level Carbon dioxide fluxes were measured in two long-term experimental wet sedge tundra sites near Toolik Lake, AK. Experimental treatments at each site included factorial NxP, greenhouse and shade house and were begun in 1985 (Sag site) or in 1988 (Toolik sites). Fluxes were measured on quadrats that were later sampled for biomass and leaf area.
Biomass in wet sedge tundra near the Atigun River crossing of the Dalton Highway, North Slope AK, 1982.
Biomass in wet sedge tundra near the Atigun River crossing of the Dalton Highway, North Slope AK. .There were three harvests; Late May-early June; Late July-early August; Late August-early September. See Shaver and Chapin (Ecological Monographs, 61, 1991 pp.1-31.
Arctic LTER 1982: Biomass in tussock tundra near Toolik Lake North Slope AK (68 degrees 38N, 149derees 34W).
Biomass in tussock tundra near Toolik Lake North Slope AK (68 degrees 38N, 149derees 34W). There were three harvests;Late May-early June; Late July-early August; Late August-early September. See Shaver and Chapin (Ecological Monographs, 61(1), 1991 pp.1-31.
Biomass in heath tundra near Toolik Lake North Slope AK (68 degrees 38N, 149derees 34W), 1982.
Biomass in heath tundra near Toolik Lake North Slope AK (68 degrees 38N, 149derees 34W). .There were three harvests;Late May-early June; Late July-early August; Late August-early September. See Shaver and Chapin (Ecological Monographs, 61(1), 1991 pp.1-31.
Biomass in shrub tundra near Toolik Lake North Slope AK (68 degrees 38N, 149derees 34W),1982.
Biomass in shrub tundra near Toolik Lake North Slope AK (68 degrees 38N, 149derees 34W). There were three harvests; Late May-early June; Late July-early August; Late August-early September. See Shaver and Chapin (Ecological Monographs, 61(1), 1991 pp.1-31.
Thermokarst Lakes
Title Abstract
Chemistry from thermokarst impacted soils, lakes, and streams near Toolik Lake Alaska, 2008-2011.
This file contains data collected from thermokarst impacted soils, lakes, and streams near Toolik Lake Alaska. Data are also presented for experimental manipulations of water (e.g., time course experiments). Sample descriptors include a unique sortchem #, site, date, time, depth, distance, elevation, treatment, date-time, category, and water type (e.g., lake, surface, soil). Physical/chemical measures collected in the field include temperature, conductivity, and pH. Chemical analyses... more
Landscape Interactions Chemistry
Title Abstract
Biogeochemistry data set for soil waters, streams, and lakes near Toolik Lake on the North Slope of Alaska, 2012 through 2017
Data file of the biogeochemistry of samples collected at various sites near Toolik Lake, North Slope of Alaska.  Sample site descriptors include a unique assigned number (sortchem), site, date, time, depth, distance (downstream from a reference location), elevation, treatment, date-time, category, and water type (lake, surface, soil).  Physical measures collected in the field include temperature (water, soil, well water), conductivity, pH, and average thaw depth in soil.  Chemical analyses... more
Biogeochemistry data set for soil waters, streams, and lakes near Toolik on the North Slope of Alaska, 2011.
Data file describing the biogeochemistry of samples collected at various sites near Toolik Lake, North Slope of Alaska. Sample site descriptors include a unique assigned number (sortchem), site, date, time, depth, distance (downstream), elevation, treatment, date-time, category, and water type (lake, surface, soil). Physical measures collected in the field include temperature (water, soil, well water), conductivity, pH, average thaw depth, well height, discharge, stage height, and light (... more
Biogeochemistry data set for soil waters, streams, and lakes near Toolik on the North Slope of Alaska.
Data file describing the biogeochemistry of samples collected at various sites near Toolik Lake, North Slope of Alaska. Sample site descriptors include a unique assigned number (sortchem), site, date, time, depth, distance (downstream), elevation, treatment, date-time, category, and water type (lake, surface, soil). Physical measures collected in the field include temperature (water, soil, well water), conductivity, pH, average thaw depth, well height, discharge, stage height, and light (... more
Streams Chemistry
Title Abstract
Arctic LTER Streams Chemistry Toolik Field Station, Alaska 1978 to 2017.
Since 1983, the Streams Project at the Toolik Field Station has monitored physical, chemical, and biological parameters in a 5-km, fourth-order reach of the Kuparuk River near its intersection with the Dalton Highway and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. In 1989, similar studies were begun on a 3.5-km, third-order reach of a second stream, Oksrukuyik Creek.

In each river, physical conditions (such as discharge and temperature), nutrient levels, primary production, insects, and fishes are... more
lakes chemistry
Title Abstract
Water chemistry data for various lakes near Toolik Research Station, Arctic LTER. Summer 2010 to 2018
Decadal file describing the water chemistry in various lakes near Toolik Research Station (68 38'N, 149 36'W) during summers from 2010 to 2018. Chemical analyses were conducted on samples from various depths in the sample lakes either once, or multiple times during the spring, summer and fall months (May to September). Chemical analyses for the samples include alkalinity, dissolved organic and inorganic carbon (DIC/DOC), inorganic and total dissolved nutrients (NH4, PO4, NO3, TDN... more
Water chemistry data for various lakes near Toolik Research Station, Arctic LTER. Summer 2000 to 2009.
Decadal file describing the water chemistry in various lakes near Toolik Research Station (68 38'N, 149 36'W) during summers from 2000 to 2009. Chemical analyses were conducted on samples from various depths in the sample lakes either once, or multiple times during the spring, summer and fall months (May to September). Chemical analyses for the samples include alkalinity, dissolved organic and inorganic carbon (DIC/DOC), inorganic and total dissolved nutrients (NH4, PO4, NO3, TDN, TDP),... more
Water chemistry data for various lakes near Toolik Research Station, Arctic LTER. Summer 1990 to 1999.
Decadal file describing the water chemistry in various lakes near Toolik Research Station (68 38'N, 149 36'W) during summers from 1990 to 1999. Chemical analyses were conducted on samples from various depths in the sample lakes either once, or multiple times during the spring, summer and fall months (May to September). Chemical analyses for the samples include alkalinity, dissolved organic and inorganic carbon (DIC/DOC), inorganic and total dissolved nutrients (NH4, PO4, NO3, TDN, TDP),... more
Water chemistry data for various lakes near Toolik Research Station, Arctic LTER. Summer 1983 to 1989.
Decadal file describing the water chemistry in various lakes near Toolik Research Station (68 38'N, 149 36'W) during summers from 1983 to 1989. Chemical analyses were conducted on samples from various depths in the sample lakes either once, or multiple times during the spring, summer and fall months (May to September). Chemical analyses for the samples include alkalinity, dissolved organic and inorganic carbon (DIC/DOC), inorganic and total dissolved nutrients (NH4, PO4, NO3, TDN, TDP),... more
Terrestrial Plant Phenological and Growth Data
Title Abstract
Phenological stages of sedges were observed at a long term experimental moist tussock tundra site and a long-term experimental wet sedge tundra sites (Arctic LTER) for 1996 near Toolik Lake, AK.
Phenological stages of sedges were observed at a long term experimental moist tussock tundra site and a long-term experimental wet sedge tundra sites near Toolik Lake, AK. Also, ITEX maximum growth measurements were recorded on August 19th (moist tussock tundra). Experimental treatments at each site included factorial NxP, greenhouse and shadehouse and were begun in 1989. See 96gsphdc.html and 96gsphsg.html for phenological data on deciduous and evergeen species.
Thermokarst Streams
Title Abstract
ARCSS/TK water chemistry and total suspended sediment data from I-Minus2 and Toolik River thermokarsts and receiving streams, near Toolik Field Station, Alaska, summers 2006-2013.
Water samples were taken at 5 locations at both I-Minus2 and Toolik River thermokarst sites (10 sampling locations total). A combination of ISCO and manual grab samples were taken depending on the sampling location and year.
ARCSS/TK water chemistry and epilithon characterization from the Noatak National Preserve, Kelly River region (2010) and Feniak Lake region (2011).
These data are from two remote field campaigns in the Noatak National Preserve. Various thermokarst features and their receiving streams were sampled and characterized. A suite of water chemistry (nutrients, major anions and cations, total suspended sediment) and benthic variables (particulate carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus, and chlorophyll-a) were measured at 6 major sites (2 in 2010 and 4 in 2011). There were additional sites sampled for water chemistry above and below thermokarst... more
ARCSSTK benthic nutrients and chloropyll-a
The (ARCSSTK) did extensive research during 2009-2011 field seasons in Arctic Alaska. Specifically, the ARCSSTK goal Streams goal was to quantify the relative influences of thermokarst inputs on the biogeochemical structure and function of receiving streams. Throughout the project, samples were collected from Benthic Rock Scrubs and measured for cholorophyll-a and particulate carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P).
AON Stream Chemistry
Title Abstract
Biogeochemistry data set for Imnavait Creek Weir on the North Slope of Alaska 2002-2018
Data file containing biogeochemical data of water samples collected in Imnavait Creek, North Slope of Alaska. Sample site descriptors include a unique assigned number (sortchem), site, date, time, depth, distance (downstream), and elevation. Values of variables measured in the field include temperature, conductivity, pH. Chemical analysis for samples include alkalinity, dissolved organic carbon, inorganic and total dissolved nutrients particulate carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus,... more
Lakes Physical and Chemical Parameters
Title Abstract
Sedimentation rate, concentration of macronutrients and flux for NE14, Toolik, Dimple, Perched during Summer 2009.
We measured the flux of bulk material and major macronutrients (carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus) from the water column to the benthos in four separate lakes during the summer of 2009. The lakes were chosen to investigate the impacts of disturbance on lake sedimentation. Two of the lakes, Dimple and Perched, were within catchments that were burned by the 2007 Anaktuvuk River wildfire. Two of the lakes, NE-14 and Perched, were receiving elevated sediment loads from thermokarst failures on... more
Terrestrial Precipitation Chemistry
Title Abstract
Bulk precipitation collected during summer months on a per rain event basis at Toolik Field Station, North Slope of Alaska, Arctic LTER 1988 to 2007.
Bulk precipitation was collected during summer months (June, July and August) on a per rain event basis at the University of Alaska Fairbanks Toolik Field Station, North Slope of Alaska (68 degrees 37' 42"N, 149 degrees 35' 46"W). Analysis of pH, NH4-N and phosphorus were performed at the field station. NO3-N were frozen and analyzed in Woods Hole, MA
Inorganic Nitrogen and phosphorus were analyzed on snow samples taken from two snow pits near the long-term acrtic LTER mesic acidic tussock experimental plots Toolik Field Station 2003
Inorganic Nitrogen and phosphorus were analyzed on snow samples taken from two snow pits near the long-term acrtic LTER mesic acidic tussock experimental plots. The snow layers in each pit were described and sampled separtely with the help of Matthrew Sturm.
Terrestrial Soil Properties
Title Abstract
Plant available NH4, NO3, and PO4 was determined at sites near ARC LTER Toolik acidic tundra and at a toposequence along the floodplain of the Sagavanirktuk River using 2 N KCL and weak HCL extracts, Arctic LTER 1987 to 2002
Plant available NH4, NO3, and PO4 was determined at sites near ARC LTER Toolik acidic tundra and at a toposequence along the floodplain of the Sagavanirktuk River using 2 N KCL and weak HCL extracts. This file complies data collected at different times from 1987 through 2001 and includes initial extracts taken for buried bag method of net nitrogen mineralization.
Plant available NH4, NO3, and PO4 was determined at three site (LTER Toolik acidic and nonacidic tundra and Sagwon acidic tundra) and three community combinations (tussock, watertrack, and snowbed) Arctic LTER 1997.
Plant available NH4, NO3, and PO4 was determined at three site (LTER Toolik acidic tundra, LTER Toolik nonacidic tundra, and Sagwon acidic tundra) and three community combinations (tussock, watertrack, and snowbed), three times during the season. pH was also determined in July and strong acid phosphorous in August.
Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus content in the seasonally thawed soils are described for four arctic tundra vegetation types located near the Toolik Field Station, Arctic LTER 1993.
Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus content in thawed soils are described for four arctic tundra vegetation types located near the Toolik Field Station.
Extractable NH4-N and NO3-N (2 N KCl), PO4-P (0.025 N HCl) and pH (0.01 M CaCl2) were measured on soils from a transect along the Dalton road, Arctic LTER 1991.
Extractable NH4-N and NO3-N (2 N KCl), PO4-P

(0.025 N HCl) and pH (0.01 M CaCl2) were measured on soils from a

transect along the Dalton road. Sites are Gus Shaver flowering sites and

Arctic LTER sites.
Terrestrial
Title Abstract
Percent carbon and percent nitrogen of above ground plant and belowground stem biomass samples from experimental plots in moist acidic and moist non-acidic tundra, 2001, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska.
Percent carbon and percent nitrogen were measured from above ground plant and belowground stem biomass samples from experimental plots in moist acidic and moist non-acidic tundra. Biomass data are in 2001lgshttbm.dat.
Photochemistry
Title Abstract
Biogeochemistry data set for NSF Arctic Photochemistry project on the North Slope of Alaska.
Data file describing the biogeochemistry of samples collected at various sites near Toolik Lake on the North Slope of Alaska. Sample site descriptors include a unique assigned number (sortchem), site, date, time, depth, and category (level of thermokarst disturbance). Physical measures collected in the field include temperature, electrical conductivity, and pH. Chemical analyses include alkalinity; dissolved organic carbon (DOC); inorganic and total dissolved nutrients (NH4, PO4, NO3,... more
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