Peat cores were collected along the Dalton Highway in 1989 and analysed for percent moisture, percent organic carbon, bulk densitey, del C-13, and radiocarbon content at varying depth intevals throughout the core. Samples were collected to the mineral zone and kept in cold storage until analysis. Samples were collected from 12 sites.
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Peat cores, approximately 15 cm diameter, were collected with a gasoline engine-driven SIPRE corer and long bladed nursery shovels. These were stored in plastic bags and refridgerated until processing.
The core was divided into three sections , one to be used for radiocarbon age, one for loss on ignition and del C-13, and the remainder to be kept for future needs. The sections were further divided into intervals of 2 cm for determination of the desired parameters.
Area and wet weight were measured prior to drying to a constant weight at 70 degrees Celsius. Dried samples were ground with a mortar and pestle and stored in glass vials. Dried material was combusted at 550 degrees C in tared crucibles for 6 hours for determination of loss-on-ignition. This value was converted to percent carbon using the regression found for arctic peates by Schell et al (1993). For each sample, percent carbon, bulk density and carbon standing stocks were calculated. Isotopic analysis was not performed on the Imnavait Creek watershed cores. For isotopic analysis 20 to 60 mg of peat was ground with 1.1 to 1.5 g of CuO per 30 mg of sample in a Wig-L-Bug dental amalgam mixer. The CuO sample mixture was then placed in a 5 cm by 6 mm quartz tube and inserted into a 30 cm by 9 mm quartz tube. To obtain sufficient quantities of nitrogen gas for anlaysis, 2 to 3 such tubes were processed for each sample. Tubes with samples were then dried for an additional 12 hours at 70 degrees C, evacuated wot < 1mTorr on a vacuum manifold and sealed with an oxygen-gas torch. The evacuated tubes were combusted in a muffle furnace at 870 degrees C for one hour and allowed to cool slowly for at least 12 hours.
Gases liberated by combustrion were separated and collected by cryogenic distillation on a vacuum manifold using the procedures described by Handley et al (1991). Briefely the sample were introduced into an evacuated line with a stainless steel tube cracker (Des Marais and Hayes, 1976). Carbon dioxide and water vapour were isolated by a liquid nitrogen cooled distilation loop and the remaining nitrogen was cleansed of any trace CO2 and H2O vapours by passage through a second liquid nitrogen cooled loop. N2 gas was compressed into a 15 cm by 6 mm borosilicate glass tube and sealed off with an oxygen-gas torch. Temperature of the CO2 trap was raised to about -80 deg. C and the CO2 sublimed from the trap. the CO2 was collected in glass tubes cooled with liquid N2 and sealed with a torch. Isotopic ratios of collected gasses were measured on a VG Isogas Sira-9 or a VG Series II dual inlet mass spectrometer.
Additional Files:Please see file "1989_SoilCore13C-15N" for isotope analyses from 4 sites (Oliktok Dock Road, Lowland Imnavait, Pump Station 3 and Happy Valley).
Barnett, Bruce Alan, 1994. Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Ratios of Caribou tissues, vascular plants and Lichens from Northern Alaska. Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences. Supervisor Don Schell, Aug 3, 1994.
Schell, D.M., Barnett, B. 1993. Carbon dynamics in arctic Alaskan tundra. In: Landscape Function: Implications for ecosystem response to disturbance, a case study in arctic tundra. Reynolds, J.F., Tenhunen, J.D. eds., Springer-Verlag.
Handley, L.L, Scrigeour, C.M. Thornton, S.F., Sprent, J.I. 1991. Determination of the natural abundances of the stable isotopes of N-15 and 13C by mass spectrometry: A simplified manual method for the preparation of N2 and CO2. Functional Ecology, 5:119-124.
Des Marais, D.J., Hayes, J.M. 1976. Tube cracker for opening glass-sealed ampules under vacuum. . 48:1651-1652
Schell,D.M., Zieman, P., Parrish, D., and Brown, E. 1982. Foodweb and Nutrient Dynamics in Nearshore Alaskan Beaufort Sea Waters. In: Envir. Assessment Alaskan Cont. Shelf, Final Rept. Vol. 25., pp327-499. MMS/NOAA OCSEAP, Anchorage, AK.
del 13C = [(13C/12C sample / 13C/12C standard) - 1] x 1000
del 15N = [(15N/14N sample / 15N/14N standard) - 1] x 1000
Sampling locations &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; description (note that all original measurements recorded in degrees, minutes, seconds):
Lowland Imnavait: Lowland site 2 miles north of Imnavait Creek along the Dalton Highway; 68 degrees 39'25"N, 149 degrees 16'47"W
Pump Station 3: Lowland site 2 miles north of Pump Station 3 on the Dalton Highway; 68 degrees 52' 08" N, 148 degrees 51' 00" W
Happy Valley: Riparian site near Happy Valley,Dalton Highway, Alaska, U.S.A. 69 degrees 09' 04' N, 148 degrees 50' 06" W.
Sagwon Bluffs: Upland site in Sagwon Bluffs area, Dalton Highway, Alaska, U.S.A. 69 degrees 26' 54 N, 148 degrees 37'19" W.
South Franklin Bluffs: Coastal Plain site on south edge of Franklin Bluffs, Dalton Highway, Alaska, U.S.A. 69 degrees 40' 32" N, 148 degrees 41' 50" W.
Franklin Bluffs: Coastal Plain site in Franklin Bluffs area, Dalton Highway, Alaska, U.S.A. 69 degrees 53' 25" N, 148 degrees 47' 06" W.
South Deadhorse: Coastal Plain site 8 miles south of Deadhorse, Dalton Highway, Alaska, U.S.A. 7O degrees 05' 07" N, 148 degrees 32' 44" W.
Spine Road: Coastal Plain site 5 miles east of Kuparuk River off Spine Road, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, U.S.A. 70 degrees 19' 44" N, 148 degrees 54' 58" W.
Kuparuk at Prudhoe: Coastal Plain site 0.25 miles east of Kuparuk Creek off Spine Road, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, U.S.A. 70 degrees 17' 45" N, 149 degrees 59' 24" W.
Prudhoe Drill 2X: Coastal Plain site 1 mile south of drill 2X, Spine Road, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, U.S.A. 70 degrees 18' 39" N, 149 degrees 50' 30" W.
Oliktok Dock Road: Coastal Plain site 0.5 mile north of drill 1Q on Oliktok Dock Road, Spine Road, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, U.S.A. 70 degrees 22' 19" N, 149 degrees 47' 10" W.
Prudhoe Drill 1D: Coastal Plain site 1 mile east of drill 1D, Spine Road, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, U.S.A. 70 degrees 18' 22" N, 149 degrees 28' 42" W.
Milne Point: Coastal Plain site 9 miles south of Milne Point, Spine Road, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, U.S.A. 70 degrees 24' 00" N, 149 degrees 24' 39" W.
Log of changes:
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DATE RECEIVED: Mar90
DATA FILE ENTERED BY: Julie Pallant
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NAME: Julie Pallant
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