burns

Burn Terrestrial Data
Abstract
Michelle Mack, 2011 Burned soil surface radiocarbon values for moss macrofossils plucked from the Anaktuvuk River Fire sites. 10.6073/pasta/728ade46a3372446d391943c97141949
We used radiocarbon dating of the organic soil surface remaining post-fire to examine whether the fire burned into ancient and likely irreplaceable soil C pools. Suprisingly, it did not; all radiocarbon dates from burned soil surfaces contained bomb carbon, setting the maximum age of the burned soil surfaces at ~50 years.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2011 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2009 Severe Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/5554a6eda8082f933709e547811b85dc
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2009 post fire energy and mass exchange at the severe burn site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2013 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2012 Moderate Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/b5c015dbf57ba3b3ec3ee1d95a663fc5
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2012 post fire energy and mass exchange at the moderate burn site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2013 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2011 Moderate Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/f7e7d023fbac22d83ad0c2e4ce191650
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2011 post fire energy and mass exchange at the moderate burn site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2011 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2010 Unburned Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/ff790bd426b262aa7d818ad7f0b2d2a4
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2010 post fire energy and mass exchange at the unburned site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2011 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2009 Unburned Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/aeb3845bf779ca10f13930e1d6c90105
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2009 post fire energy and mass exchange at the unburned site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2010 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2008 Moderate Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/19e3802d6738c4b30cf09188a2551b10
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the first post fire growing season's energy and mass exchange at the moderate burn site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2011 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2010 Moderate Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/abee3157f007a794edb3414e1280d71b
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2010 post fire energy and mass exchange at the moderate burn site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2011 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2009 Moderate Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/3d912564439309bdf17bc75866179312
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2009 post fire energy and mass exchange at the moderate burn site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2013 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2012 Unburned Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/67188afe29827f8b3c0277753b2a956a
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2012 post fire energy and mass exchange at the unburned site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2013 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2011 Unburned Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/913d3843eb71f27bac3f9c97df61573e
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2011 post fire energy and mass exchange at the unburned site.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2013 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2011 Severe Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/d384b812a12e5cfa7fdbb4032cf1abb2
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2011 post fire energy and mass exchange at the severe burn site.
Adrian V Rocha, Gaius Shaver, 2015 Anaktuvuk River fire scar thaw depth measurements during the 2008 to 2014 growing season. 10.6073/pasta/93121fc86e6fbcf88de4a9350609aed6
The Anaktuvuk River Fire occurred in 2007 on the North Slope of Alaska. In 2008, three eddy covariance towers were established at sites represent ing unburned tundra, moderately burned tundra, and severely burned tundra. Several times during the 2008-2014 growing seasons, thaw depth was measured at approximately 70 points near each of these towers . Data presented here are the individual measurements for each site and date.
Gaius Shaver, James A Laundre, 2014 Summer soil temperature and moisture at the Anaktuvuk River Moderately burned site from 2010 to 2013. 10.6073/pasta/069fa3091323bb3a9a57f8d496a3fe4e
Soil moisture and temperature were recorded at the Anaktuvuk River burn area during the summers from 2010 to 2013. Six sensors were deployed and measured temperature on half-hourly intervals over the summer and into the fall depending on battery function. Sensors were place in a hexagonal shape around a central datalogger. Note that over time sensor depths changed due to frost heave and other environmental factors. All data contained should be treated as suspect where sensors may have been at surface. These sensors were removed August 20, 2013, no replacement sensors were installed.
Gaius Shaver, James A Laundre, 2014 Summer soil temperature and moisture at the Anaktuvuk River Unburned site from 2010 to 2013. 10.6073/pasta/13cfe1cfa528cb7fe15bd8fb672b68d3
Soil moisture and temperature were recorded at the Anaktuvuk River burn area during the summers from 2010 to 2013. Six sensors were deployed and measured temperature on half-hourly intervals over the summer and into the fall depending on battery function. Sensors were place in a hexagonal shape around a central datalogger. Note that over time sensor depths changed due to frost heave and other environmental factors. All data contained should be treated as suspect where sensors may have been at surface. These sensors were removed August 23, 2013, no replacement sensors were installed.
Gaius Shaver, James A Laundre, 2014 Summer soil temperature and moisture at the Anaktuvuk River Severely burned site from 2010 to 2013. 10.6073/pasta/3094e3e293703580c95e17ddce51af65
Soil moisture and temperature were recorded at the Anaktuvuk River burn area during the summers from 2010 to 2013. Six sensors were deployed and measured temperature on half-hourly intervals over the summer and into the fall depending on battery function. Sensors were place in a hexagonal shape around a central data logger. Note that over time sensor depths changed due to frost heave and other environmental factors. All data contained should be treated as suspect where sensors may have been at surface. These sensors were removed August 20, 2013, no replacement sensors were installed.
M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, Michelle Mack, Gaius Shaver, 2013 Above ground plant and below ground stem biomass of samples from the moderately burned site at Anaktuvuk River, Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/6646ac57a7397b9c8d1a2dc3c95a566c
Above ground plant and below ground stem biomass were measured in 2011 from three sites at and around the Anaktuvuk River Burn: severely burned, moderately burned and unburned. These samples were analyzed for carbon and nitrogen concentrations.
Michelle Mack, M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, Gaius Shaver, 2013 Summary of below ground root biomass, carbon and nitrogen concentrations from the Anaktuvuk River Fire site in 2011. 10.6073/pasta/9ae19f41326bf63e8d4335d78d4a70d4
A summary of below ground root biomass, carbon and nitrogen concentrations, measured at three sites at and around the Anaktuvuk River Burn: severely burned, moderately burned and unburned.
Michelle Mack, M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, Gaius Shaver, 2013 Soil properties and nutrient concentrations by depth from the Anaktuvuk River Fire site in 2011. 10.6073/pasta/85a9e76b5d579298bc21b19a25b35c38
Below ground soil bulk density, carbon and nitrogen was measured at various depth increments in mineral and organic soil layers at three sites at and around the Anaktuvuk River Burn: severely burned, moderately burned and unburned. This data corresponds with the aboveground biomass and root biomass data files: 2011ARF_AbvgroundBiomassCN, 2011ARF_RootBiomassCN_byDepth, 2011ARF_RootBiomassCN_byQuad, 2011ARF_RootBiomassCN_byQuad.
M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, Michelle Mack, Gaius Shaver, 2013 Above ground plant and below ground stem biomass of samples from the severely burned site of the Anaktuvuk River fire, Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/7f609c982e2e6880f63bab4c3bd5af8d
Above ground plant and below ground stem biomass were measured in 2011 from three sites at and around the Anaktuvuk River Burn: severely burned, moderately burned and unburned. These samples were analyzed for carbon and nitrogen concentrations.
Michelle Mack, M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, Gaius Shaver, 2013 Below ground soil carbon and nitrogen concentrations in quadrats harvested from the Anaktuvuk River Fire site in 2011. 10.6073/pasta/ab77e5fe897f697372048e9b9ca2c216
Summarized below ground soil carbon and nitrogen concentrations measured in quadrats at three sites at and around the Anaktuvuk River Burn: severely burned, moderately burned and unburned. This data corresponds with the aboveground biomass and root biomass data files: 2011ARF_AbvgroundBiomassCN, 2011ARF_RootBiomassCN_byDepth, 2011ARF_RootBiomassCN_byQuad, 2011ARF_SoilCN_byDepth.
Michelle Mack, M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, Gaius Shaver, 2013 Below ground root biomass, carbon and nitrogen concentrations by depth increments from the Anaktuvuk River Fire site in 2011. 10.6073/pasta/7a21a62a4144c3c1d9a3750926bfc6a7
Below ground root biomass was measured by depth increments at three sites at and around the Anaktuvuk River Burn: severely burned, moderately burned and unburned. Roots were also analyzed for carbon and nitrogen concentrations.
M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, Michelle Mack, Gaius Shaver, 2013 Above ground plant and below ground stem biomass of samples from the unburned control site near the Anaktuvuk River fire scar.. 10.6073/pasta/18fcdcaf43451b70610d55da6475b397
Above ground plant and below ground stem biomass were measured in 2011 from three sites at and around the Anaktuvuk River Burn: severely burned, moderately burned and unburned. These samples were analyzed for carbon and nitrogen concentrations.
Gaius Shaver, Adrian V Rocha, 2010 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2008 Severe Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/724bd68e01ee9a59b05cdee5cfa14bbd
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the first post fire growing season's energy and mass exchange at the severe burn site.
Adrian V Rocha, Gaius Shaver, 2013 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2012 Severe Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/ed412a2a1940af95ab4611212200a5c5
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2012 post fire energy and mass exchange at the severe burn site.
Adrian V Rocha, Gaius Shaver, 2011 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2010 Severe Burn Site, North Slope Alaska. 10.6073/pasta/2330a47db633130f0972bc134e714066
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the 2010 post fire energy and mass exchange at the severe burn site.
Adrian V Rocha, Gaius Shaver, 2010 Anaktuvuk River Burn Eddy Flux Measurements, 2008 Unburned Site, North Slope Alaska.. 10.6073/pasta/48f728d2fe75541c8f4f6827ce8dc039
We deployed three eddy covariance towers along a burn severity gradient (i.e. severely-, moderately-, and un-burned tundra) to monitor post fire Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) within the large 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar during the summer of 2008. This data represents the first post fire growing season's energy and mass exchange at the unburned site.
Adrian V Rocha, 2021 Tussock height and diameter in moist acidic tussock tundra at the site of the 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar, and nearby unburned tundra measured in 2016. 10.6073/pasta/1dccd3fdb3aa693f9c2b69a24f8306ed
This dataset consists of Eriophorum vaginatum tussock height and width (diameter) measurements, and was used to evaluate differences in physical strucutre of previously burned tundra (2007 Anaktuvuk River fire) and nearby unburned tundra. At each site, all tussocks that intersected four 100 meter transects were measured from soil surface to tussock top in four cardinal directions, and diameter was measured in two directions.
Adrian V Rocha, 2021 Tussock (Eriophorum vaginatum) density, mortality, and rodent-herbivore activity in moist acidic tussock tundra at the site of the 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire and nearby unburned tundra, measured in 2019. 10.6073/pasta/d25053a5e3d579321688f20558e96753
This dataset consists of tussock density, mortality rates and causes, and an assesment of rodent-herbivore activity levels in previously burned (2007 Anaktuvuk River fire) and unburned tussock tundra. Eriophourm vaginatum tussocks were counted every meter within a 1 square meter quadrat along three transects. Cause of tussock mortality, as well as level of rodent herbivory was assessed for each tussock, and rodent herbivore activity was assessed for each quadrat.
Adrian V Rocha, 2021 Leaf area index (LAI) by plant functional group in moist acidic tussock tundra, at the 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar measured in 2017. 10.6073/pasta/b844dc9b8092d7ceaffcaf80aa095ad2
This file contains leaf area index (LAI) based on biomass measurements from an aboveground pluck in the southern portion of the Anaktuvuk River fire scar, and a nearby unburned site in late July 2017. Vegetation was sampled randomly at 10-m intervals along two 100 meter transects at both the burned and unburned sites. Vegetation was sampled within a 10X40 cm quadrat to the mineral layer, and plant material was sorted into new and old aboveground leaf and woody biomass by species.
Adrian V Rocha, 2021 Point-frame measurement of maximum canopy height for plant growth forms at the 2007 Anaktuvuk River Fire scar measured in 2019.. 10.6073/pasta/7afab2d1a528adc58b4a8f6c7d6216f5
This file contains maximum plant heights from point frame measurements made in the southern section of the 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar, at a severely burned site and a nearby unburned site. Pin-vegetation contact was recorded using a 0.56 m2 frame with 41 evenly spaced sampling points. Data were collected during peak green in summer 2019.
Rebecca Rowe, 2021 Small mammal captures per 100 trap nights at the 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar and nearby unburned site, sampled in 2014, 2017-2019.. 10.6073/pasta/bf951abfd3b0c3c2946b411a2a2d93aa
Small mammals (rodents and shrews) were sampled 7-12 years following the Anaktuvuk River Fire to examine how post-fire ecological changes influence small mammal abundance. Small mammals were snap-trapped in August 2014, 2017-2019 at the site of the 2007 Anaktuvuk River Fire, and a nearby unburned control site. At each site, 120 traps were set in 3 parallel lines spaced 40m apart. Each trap was spaced 10m apart, baited, and set to rodent sign within one meter of the trap station. Traps were checked the following two mornings with all captures collected and sprung traps reset.
Laura Gough, 2021 Eriophorum vaginatum tiller nitrogen content at the 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar and nearby unburned tundra measured in 2019.. 10.6073/pasta/0daf62f03df4ebad013eb7849ba55e01
Tillers from 24 Eriophorum vaginatum individuals were sampled in late July 2019 to examine differences in percent nitrogen between previously burned (Anaktuvuk River Fire) and unburned tussocks at a nearby unburned control site. At the burned site tussocks exhibiting evidence of rodent grazing were also sampled to separate herbivore effects from those of the fire. From each tussock, 3-4 new leaves were sampled (as indicated by lack of brown tips) and dried at 60°C for 24 hours, before being ground and analyzed for percent nitrogen.
Adrian V Rocha, 2021 Eriophorum vaginatum rhizome nitrogen content from the 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar measured in 2019.. 10.6073/pasta/2a1668c035b2b3f973e6d60b2084d12f
This file contains Eriophorum vaginatum rhizome biomass from a 2017 biomass pluck of previously burned tundra (2007 Anaktuvuk River Fire) and nearby unburned tundra. Rhizome biomass from the pluck was combined with rhizome percent nitrogen estimates (2.47% at the Anaktuvuk River Fire, and 1.05% at the nearby unburned site) to estimate grams of nitrogen per meter squared, to evaluate differences in winter forage quality for the rodent herbivore, Microtus oeconomus. Percent nitrogen estimates were derived from pooled rhizome samples collected from the two sites in late 2018.
Ecotypes Disturbance experiments
Abstract
Jianwu Tang, Ned Fetcher, Michael L Moody, 2019 Ion exchange membrane measure of nutrient availability of the 2015 experimental burn at Toolik Lake Field Station, Alaska 2016 . 10.6073/pasta/ca84cec21de79fd6364d7781374f84eb
An experimental burn conducted in the summer of 2015 to provide sites for an experiment whether seeds of Eriophorum vaginatum from different ecotypes could establish in recently burned areas.  It consisted of ten 2 meter X 2 meter plots along with a similar number of control plots. There was little seedling establishment but other data were collected on the plots.  Ion exchange membranes were used to measure nutrient availability over two time periods:  Early season (June) and mid season (July).
Thomas Parker, Jianwu Tang, Ned Fetcher, Michael L Moody, 2019 Soil respiration from a mycorrhizal and root exclusion experiment at Toolik Lake Field Station and Anaktuvuk River Burn, Alaska in 2016. 10.6073/pasta/40c946f076355aa2523ee4847f745b51
Organic soil from either the Anaktuvik severe burn or Toolik Lake were collected to test of effect of removal of mycorrhizae on decompositon of tundra at Toolik Lake and the Anaktuvuk Burn IN 2016.
A licor 6400 with 6400-09 soil respiration chamber was used to measure soil respiration (efflux) from the cores on a weekly basis.
Ned Fetcher, Jianwu Tang, Michael L Moody, 2019 Effects of 2015 experimental burn on Eriophorum vaginatum at Toolik Lake Field Station, Alaska 2016. 10.6073/pasta/99e3e2d2aa874e56fb6d63551134662e
This was an experimental burn conducted in the summer of 2015 to provide sites for an experiment to see whether seeds of Eriophorum vaginatum from different ecotypes could establish in recently burned areas.  It consisted of ten 2 meter X 2 meter plots along with a similar number of control plots. There was little seedling establishment but other data have been collected on the plots.
Fire in the Arctic Landscape
Abstract
Adrian V Rocha, 2021 Comparison of vole-grazed and ungrazed Eriophorum vaginatum tussock biomass at the 2007 Anaktuvuk River fire scar in 2019. 10.6073/pasta/6b2e708573a8e2a567be975794d7e657
This file contains biomass measurements from vole-grazed and ungrazed Eriophorum vaginatum tussocks taken from the 2007 Anaktuvuk River Fire scar in 2019. Rodent-grazed and ungrazed tussocks were harvested to assess the impact voles have on biomass. Eighteen grazed tussocks and seven ungrazed tussocks were harvested and taken back to the lab. Ungrazed tussocks were subsampled to make seperation faster. Eight additional ungrzed tussocks were measured in the field and biomass estimates were made using allometry equations based on diameter.
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