Early July plant biomass in mesic acidic tussock tundra, 1993, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska.


Quadrats (20cm x 20cm squares) along a line (block) were collected for plant biomass in mesic acidic tussock tundra. Each quadrat was separated into individual species, new and old aboveground and belowground biomass. The harvest occurred in early July to coincide with a 15N plant and soil harvest.

Project Keywords: 

Data set ID: 


EML revision ID: 

Published on EDI/LTER Data Portal


Shaver, G. 1995. Early July plant biomass in mesic acidic tussock tundra, 1993, Arctic LTER, Toolik Lake, Alaska. Environmental Data Initiative. http://dx.doi.org/10.6073/pasta/d72ed65f521fac34139850ef30bef72a



Additional People: 

Associated Researcher
Associated Researcher
Associated Researcher

Date Range: 

Friday, July 2, 1993 to Tuesday, July 6, 1993

Publication Date: 



Four to five quadrats (20cm x 20cm squares) located randomly along a line near each of four blocks of 15N plots were destructively measured for species biomass (g/m2) and net primary production (g m-2 yr-1). Harvest times, June 26-28 1992, August 8-13 1992 and 2-6 July 1993, coincided with the times of 15N plant and soil harvests (see McKane, et al).

Calculations: Units; Tissue mass data are expressed in g/quadrat (400 cm2). Multiply by 25 to get g/m2.

Reference Citations: McKane, R. B., L. C. Johnson, G. R. Shaver, K. J. Nadelhoffer , E. B. Rastetter, B. Fry. A. E. Giblin, K. Kielland, B. L. Kwiatkowski, J. A. Laundre, and G. Murray. 2002. Resource-based niches provide a basis for plant species diversity and dominance in arctic tundra. Nature, 415:68-71 .
Shaver, G. R., and F. S. Chapin. 1991. Production biomass relationships and element cycling in contrasting arctic vegetation types. Ecological Monographs 61:1-31.

Sampling Description.

Quadrats, 20x20 cm, were collected and sorted into species and then into tissue type. Aboveground biomass is considered "within" the quadrat if it is associated with a meristem that is within the quadrat. Depending on the harvest, tissue types can be broad categories, i.e. above and below, or more detailed, i.e. inflorescences, new growth, old growth, belowground rhizomes, etc. In most cases only the only belowground tissues measured are rhizomes and stems. The samples are dried at 50-70 degrees C and weighed to the nearest milligram. Samples are returned to Woods Hole for nutrient analysis. Details are given in Shaver and Chapin (Ecological Monographs, 61(1), 1991, pg. 1.)

Version Changes: 

Log of changes:
11Dec2001 Separated comma delimited data from Excel file. JL
29Oct2004. Completed the variable description section and added a title.  JL
Version2: Created Excel metadata form. Changed title and added attribut table. 10Jan06 JimL
Version 3: Added LTERNET Data Access server proxy for Excel and comma delimited data files.
Version 4: Upadte LTERNET Data Access server proxy link for Excel and comma delimited data files. Changed from knb to das in url.
Version 5: Updated the metadata form to new version and eml to 2.1.0 JimL 9Jul2012
Version 6:  Added #N/A as missing code into the metadata. Taxonomic coverage data updated. Updated metadata to newer form (with sites sheet). CH March 2013.
Version 7: Checked keywords against the LTER network preferred list and replaced non-preferred terms. Jim L 27Jan14
Version 8: Changed Distribution URL since the LTER network DAS system is being discontinued.  JimL 9Apr2015


Sites sampled.

Full Metadata and data files (either comma delimited (csv) or Excel) - Environmental Data Initiative repository.

Use of the data requires acceptance of the data use policy --> Arctic LTER Data Use Policy